Ever Since Human think about computing things using machines, the thought is gradually increasing since then. The idea of having the same performed by machines is also about 7 decades old.
The branch of Computer Science which works teaching these kinds of stuff to machines is known as Artificial Intelligence.
So this question should have come in your mind that what’s an AI?
What is Artificial Intelligence?
John McCarthy known as the father of Artificial Intelligence, defined artificial Intelligence as
“The science and engineering of making intelligent machines, especially intelligent computer programs”.
In general, the purpose of Artificial Intelligence may be defined as the ability of a system or program to do all sorts of work as we humans do in our daily to daily life. Such as
- Recognizing the face of others (Face Recognition),
- Understanding the Actual meaning of Conversation (Speech Recognition)
- Understand the particular situation and act upon it (Problem Solving)
- Learning from a particular source of data.
For achieving this a machine needs to think like humans are far superior to humans. But the challenge in achieving artificial Intelligence was a bit slower till 2005. after that using faster processing systems and making use of various Neural Networks Algorithms above discussed some tasks are achieved with pretty much well accuracy.
So after getting a bit of an idea about Artificial Intelligence, Now the question is what are different types of Artificial Intelligence (AI)?
Types of AI?
Based on various scholars’ thinking AI may be of any number of types but broadly they are classified into two types.
- Type 1
- Type 2
Weak or Narrow AI
It mainly focuses on one specific sort of problem. It might be useful in saving the time of humans which involves less intelligence.
Home Automation is a good example of weak AI. in the case of home automation it mainly focuses on specific problems related to the house.
Strong AI may be defined as a system that performs the same task as that humans. While there is no example of Strong AI available right now. But that is certain that advancements in each and every Weak AI lead to the foundation of Strong AI.
Note: If You want to know about artificial General Intelligence you can read it by clicking here.
Type 2 (Based on Functionalities)
In this type of AI machines usually do whatever they see in the environment, and based on the actions they see they make decisions. They don’t have memory, such that they do not make decisions based on past Experiences.
Examples of Reactive AI
In 1990 IBM’s Deep Blue defeated world chess champion, Garry Kasparov in the Chess Game.
Limited Memory AI
When AI systems can make use of previous Actions/ Observations to perform the task but these observations do not reside in the memory permanently. For Example, Automation cars make use of Limited Memory AI to find the task like which lane should be chosen, or at which moment a break should be applied.
Theory Of Mind
This type of AI System should be able to detect the emotions, expectations, thoughts, and beliefs of other people able to interact accordingly. Although Significant Advancements had done in recent years, this type of AI is yet to come.
In the case of Self Awareness AI, systems will be self-aware, super intelligent, and will be able to do all sorts of work as humans do. It means a full replica of The Human. This type of AI will be achieved after more advancements in Strong AI.
Uses Of Artificial Intelligence in Daily Life
We usually suffer many contents on the internet and based upon what we saw there exists a Recommendation system that gave you similar content that you have interacted with. For Example, if you watch some content on Netflix or Youtube then you will get the content that will maximize your engagement with the platform.
Feed Shown on the Social Media
Social Media Websites make use of your previous activity to show which feed is best for you, also based upon your interest they show the advertisement, Which is one of the major sources of their earnings.
If you are going to a place that you do not have any knowledge of, then would you reach your destination?. Before the advancement of Artificial Intelligence, you may ask the people living in that area, and using that instruction you may reach the destination. But Nowadays Problems get solved by AI-powered Navigation Systems which will not only tell you the way to reach the destination but also show the traffic in that area.
Many larger companies make use of chatbots because it lowers the cost of employees and also leads increase significantly. The best part of these Chatbots is that they can work 24 * 7 so at which time the customer came on to the website they can provide the best service to them.
Artificial Intelligence can be useful for the management of various medicines. Telehealth increases the chances to cure patients even if the patient is not available at those places. There are various cases in which the doctor was Demonstrating in the U.S.A. and Robot was performing the operation in Mumbai.
Credit Card Fraud Detection
Sometimes people don’t know why their Credit card Application gets rejected by the Bank. It is mainly due to the fact that they use the trained model of previous customers, and based on these Algorithms Predict whether a Person should get the Loan or Not.
Most of the Email providing companies make use of Spam Filter Algorithms to find whether the given should fall under the spam mail categories or not. The algorithm makes use of various factors like link, address from which the Email got, etc. to do this. Also, Feedback to the algorithms makes Accuracy increase.
So how will be Artificial Intelligence in the Future?. Till Date, there are certain advancements in AI that can solve various problems that are difficult indeed. But what we saw Artificial Intelligence in science fiction movies yet needs to be discovered. But as the Research in the field of AI is increasing day by day there may be possible that whatever we had watched in movies may become reality in the next 10-15 years.
There is a large number of people who thinks that AI may take their jobs. That may be true or maybe not because when AI-powered Robots start using in the industry then there are possibilities that alternative jobs to conventional Jobs may arise. but everybody is using their own imaginations to do that.
How AI will affect the world will also be purely based upon its use if it is used for a good purpose then it will serve humanity by detecting the disease based upon the current values such as diabetes prediction using the various health factors or detecting cancer on X-rays. The second part of the coin may also have the possibility technology may go into the wrong hand which may lead to destruction.
We are hopeful that Artificial Intelligence and its relevant fields lead to solving problems like Poverty, Hunger, illiteracy, etc which is still a major challenge for most of the country right now.